Close up of necklace (showing Bes). Silver. From Meroe. Harvard University-MFA Boston Exhibition. Khartoum, National Museum. Source: Wildung, Dietrich. Sudan: Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile.

House god

Bes was a local God in ancient Sudan. This god was thought to protect from evil spirits and bring good luck. Representations of Bes were uncovered in numerous numbers from ordinary and rich graves alike, throughout Sudan.

The cult of Bes was associated with pregnancy and the health conditions of newborns. For that reason, Bes was particularly popular among women. His representations can be found in toilet items, such as mirrors, and jewelry.

Also, Bes was strongly associated with music, dancing, humor, and sexuality. He is often depicted dancing and/or playing with musical instruments.


The primary material of the website is authored by Ibrahim Omer © 2008.