Doorjamb (showing Anubis). Sandstone. From Meroe. Excavations of the University of Pisa. Khartoum, National Museum. Source: Wildung, Dietrich. Sudan: Ancient Kingdoms of the Nile.

God of mummification.

The Kushites believed that Anubis attended the funerary ceremonies of the deceased. Anubis was believed to give life to the spirit of dead. This god also had another important task, which was to weight the heart of the dead against Ma'at (the concept of righteousness and justice). If the heart was heavier than Ma'at, Anibus prevented the dead person from entering the afterlife. If the heart was lighter than Ma'at, Anibus would allow the person to enter.

Paintings of this god are present on the walls of, almost, every funerary chamber in Sudan. It is most likely that the Cult of Anubis had originated in Sudan. Egyptian literature commonly associate his cult with Kush. A poetic pyramid text from Egypt reads as follows:

"The jackal awakes, the moon arises,
The sleepers awake, the men of Nubia [Kush] awake,
For the great bittern which came from the Nile,
For Anubis, who came from the tamarisk grove;
Pure is the mouth of the king…"1

  • 1 Secondary source: G. van der Leeuw, M. Eliade, D. E. Green, and D. Apostolos-Cappadona, Sacred and Profane Beauty: The Holy in Art, trans. D. E. Green (Oxford UP, 2006) 127.

The primary material of the website is authored by Ibrahim Omer © 2008.